1) Before 1970’s
DMZ should be the land to reconcile South with North Korea as well as human with nature. This is what DMZ should realize in the future. The Bridge of No Return should be “Unification Bridge’ where is always able to cross and the Gyeongui line should be ‘Hope Railroad’ which runs to the north. When it comes true, DMZ is not the symbol of division any more but it is a blessed land, the symbol of unification.
South government tried diverse contact to solve the problems, such as reunion of separated families and war refugees. But the outcomes of contacts were useless because the North Korean government has rejected and not been in sincerity.
Contact to resolve problems for war refugees
After the Armistice Agreement became effective, The U.N. and North Korea held a conference in order to resolve problems for war refugees from Dec. 1953 to March 1954 through Home-coming Cooperation Committee between war refugees.
Efforts for reunion of separated families
Although delegation of the International Red Cross Committee was tried to research on the actual condition of separated families of South and North Korea in Nov. 1954, a practical exchange was not carried out due to North Korea’s rejection.