Concept of DMZ
DMZ is a buffer zone to prevent an armed conflict after the armistice agreement.
There is some restrictions on troops staying, weapon disposition, and military installation in DMZ. Once DMZ has been established, what it has already had should be removed. DMZ of Korea is established on 27 July, 1953 in accordance with ‘The Armistice Agreement about military truce of Korea’. It is 248km long and 2km width on each side, south and north. From the law point of view, DMZ is essentially under the control of an international law. Therefore, it is supervised by the organization that is founded by the international law.
DMZ, a neutral zone, is composed of 4 elements regardless of its name as follows: demilitarization, certain buffer zone, isolation of military power (troop disposition), and a supervisory organization.
Scope of DMZ
Where DMZ exists is described clearly in the first article, the Military Demarcation Line and DMZ of the Armistice Agreement. The first signboard of the Military Demarcation Line, 0001, was established along Imjin River and the last one, 1292 was set up at Dongho-ri of the east coast. It reaches 248km(155mile) on the ground and 200km on the west coast.
The size of DMZ is 907㎢ long which is one 25ths of the gross area of the Korean Peninsula, 22000㎢.
Civilian control line is 5~20km south of the Military Demarcation Line and the gross area is 1,528km2. The commander of the 8th U.S. Army Corps established it in Feb., 1954 for convenience of control. The area is not the place for residence or business and entering of civilian is prohibited.